Sunday , January 20 2019

REVIEW OF RELATED THEORY based in Figurative Language

at least, we were now advancing into the next section,CHAPTER II. in this section, we will try to make a REVIEW of related Article.
it is easy to make it. read the example of my article below (the article is a research in the Jakarta Post’s News)

A Brief Explanation of Figurative Language
The term “figurative language” refers to bypassing the literal meaning to deepen, broaden, or bring about new ideas or insights into a word or phrase. In many ways, figurative language is a description, in which abstract terms are used in place of concrete description. This type of language appeals to one’s imagination and creates visual images to display the impact of what is being written. Figurative language can include many words and phrases, and there are several types of figurative language. Most commonly, it can refer to making comparisons, repeating sounds, exaggerating or creating an appeal to the senses
Figurative language and all of its types are used in writing to convey emotion, create mental pictures and even replace reality. It is used to add description and feeling to a piece of writing. It can create an unconventional image that goes beyond how something is normally perceived. Figurative language is used in all types of writing, most often in poetry. But it is also used in everyday speech. Often, when speaking, individuals add in lots of figurative language when describing a person, place or event, or when telling a story.
Figurative Language is a use of a language that diverges from its normal meaning, or a phrase with a
specialized meaning not based on the literal meaning of the words in it such as a metaphor, simile, or personification. Figurative Languange often provide emphasis, freshness of expression, or clarity. However, clarity may also suffer from their use, as any figure of language introduces an ambiguity between literal and figurative interpretation
It is important to understand what is the figurative language itself before we make an analysis in the media like in Jakarta Post.
Figurative language refers to a way of using description to create a special image and bring out one’s emotions. It is also closely linked to the senses. There are several types of figurative language. Figurative language is an important part of writing and is also widely used in speech.
In other words, Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.
Any language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words in order to furnish new effects or fresh insights into an idea or a subject. The most common figures of speech are simile, metaphor, and alliteration.
many of these Figurative language is often associated with literature–and with poetry in particular. But the fact is, whether we’re conscious of it or not, we use figures of speech every day in our own writing and conversations.
Kinds of Figurative Language
To achieve the objectives, the writer classifies the data based on the type of figurative language and applies pragmatic context to describe the implicature. The results of the study show that regarding the types of figurative language in Jakarta Post, the writer found the types of figurative languages as follows: Imagery, Hiperbole
1. Imagery
Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses
ü Some of people think Tobacco as the best silent killer
ü Chelsea is the devil
ü Manchester United is the chicken
We can describe anything as what we want. Imagery describes anything into our sense.
2. Simile
Simile is when you compare two nouns (persons, places or things) that are unlike, with “like” or “as.”
ü “Soccer is like boxing”
ü Sadness is as happy as laughter.
ü “The water is like the sun.”
“The water is like the sun” is an example of simile because water and the sun have little in common, and yet they’re being compared to one another. The “is” is also part of what makes this stanza an example of simile.
3. Metaphor
A figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of be. The comparison is not announced by like or as
ü Tobaccoes is a mountain of gold.
ü The road was a ribbon of moonlight
ü The teacher is a hero without badge
To identify Metaphor, We can see the two unlike things combined with ‘Be’
4. Hyperbole
An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point.
Ø There are an estimated 700,000 tobacco farmers in the country and hundreds of thousands of workers employed by cigarette companies.
Ø She’s said so on several million occasions
Ø attended by about 10,000 tobacco farmers at Temanggung Square on Saturday.
We can easily indicate the three of them as hyperbole because the three of them heighten the fact.
5. Idioms
Idioms is Language specific expressions. It is already exist. To understand about it we should read Dictionary covering about Idioms like Cambridge and Oxford Idioms Dictionary.
Ø Hit the jackpot = have great or unexpected success
Ø Improve the shinning Hour = make good use of time
Kill two birds with one stone = Achieve two aims at one
Happy reading

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