Creating an example can be really good idea when we want to help others who want to learn about a something. Students or teacher can read the example and make their own research based on the example. Because they have read the example, there is no doubt that their works should be better than the one who provide an example.
Today, after attending a graduation (Well known as WISUDA UNIROW in local areas), I decide to write another example of Chapter three. Lots of students in UNIROW who were having difficulties in creating SKRIPSI and Thesis were unable to graduate and therefore fail to follow the graduation moment (WISUDA UNIROW). This example is dedicated for them as I can feel their sadness watching their friends goes off campus holding their graduation certificates while they still learning at Local University (UNIROW) due to their assignment to create good SKRIPSI was failed during few last months ago. No need to be sad, here is the example of Chapter three.
CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHOD Used in Skripsi and Thesis.
In this chapter the researcher would explain how the research method used to get the data. The researcher tries to Examine the Eight semester students of PGRI RONGGOLAWE University (UNIROW) at TUBAN in order to know their error and ability in understanding grammar especially in using Past Perfect Tense to describe the past Moments.
1 Research Design
The research design used in this study is descriptive qualitative research which aimed at describing the types of errors made by the Eight semester students of PGRI RONGGOLAWE University (UNIROW) at TUBAN east Java Indonesia.
It is designed to describe a condition objectively as it exist, as Gay (1987:189) states that descriptive research involves collecting data in order to test hypothesis or to answer questions concerning the current status of subject of the study. This study was designed to identify, classify, and describe errors of using Past Perfect Tense to describe the past Moments made by the Eight semester students. The data were collected, analyzed, and organized into the types or categories of errors. They were also calculated by counting their frequency of occurrence and percentage the result of the study are interpreted in chapter IV.
2 Population and Sample
Before conducting the research, the writer tried to observe what is required. The writer determines the object and location, namely population and sample and also location of the study.
Mochammad Rifai in UNIROW ASIA states that population is “All people that is about to be observed. The population is gathered based on the individuals who have the same characteristic”. based on the description above given by the expert in analyzing the data and the Author of UNIROW ASIA, It can be concluded if population is gathered from the same characteristic of individuals.
In other word, population is the number of individuals who have at least the same characteristic and become the subject to be investigating.
The population of this study is all of Eight semester students of English Department in PGRI RONGGOLAWE University UNIROW TUBAN, there are five classes consisting of A, B, C, D, and E class. A and B are morning class. While C, D and E are afternoon class.
According to Irna Diana: “Sample is gathered people which is less than the population.”
Sample is part of population that will be investigated and the sample must have at least one similar characteristic either natural or unnatural. A chosen sample of the research will be generated toward entire population. Representative sample will influence the validity of the result.
There are six kinds of sample. They are:
1 Random Sampling.
2. Systematic Sampling.
3. Stratified Random.
4. Cluster Sampling.
5. Sequential Sampling.
6. Purposive Sampling.
For these research, the writer chooses purposive sampling technique. So to take this sample, the researcher should know the characteristic of each sample. The writer focused on morning class of English Department and found thirty three students as her sample.
3 Instrument of the Study
To collect the data the researcher uses an instrument. The researcher hopes by using that instrument, the researcher will be able to collect and analyze the data in order to get a good result. The instrument is essay test which consists of twenty questions that require long answer.
4 Procedure of the Collecting Data
First, the researcher asked permission to chairwoman of English Department. Then she met the lecturer of class which has been chosen by the researcher, and she also asked permission for giving some test outside from lesson process in the class.
To get the best result and accurate data the writer applied the data collection procedure on the following steps:
1. The researcher gives the test to the students
2. The researcher explains how to answer the test in answer sheet
3. The researcher collects the students’ answer
4. The researcher analysis the errors
5. The researcher gives score the students’ answer
3.5 Data Analysis
After the researcher collects the data she needs, the researcher has to process and analyze it in order to get information and a good result.
The data were in the form of errors in the use of Past Perfect Tense to describe the past Moments found the students’ answer sheet of essay items. The test consisted of 20 items. After the students answer sheet had been collected, the data processing procedure was carried out. Each item the students could answer correctly would be given score 5, if an items was answered wrongly zero was given. So, the maximum score is 100 when all items have answered correctly and the minimum score is zero when all items have been answered wrong.
According to Levin and Fox (1991:24-26), the formula used for calculating percentage is as follows:
f = The number of errors in each type
N = The total number of errors
To know the students mastery level in the use of non essential adjective clauses the writer calculated by using the formula as follows:
n = the correct answer in each non essential adjective clauses
N = the total item in each non essential adjective clauses
The classification of score levels.
Interval Percentage Classification 85% – 100%
75% – 84%
60% – 74%
40% – 59%
0% – 39%
After tabulated the data, the writer describes the result of the data analysis to answer the research problems.
The example above was given for student as the reference only. Creating the Chapter Three in Skripsi or Thesis is really hard as it conclude lots of research and observations. By presenting the example in this blog, I wish all students will be able to graduate at the exact times and no sadness again. Nisya (Linatul Ainisiyah)
Note: I was really happy to see my sister hold her certificate of graduation. She looks really great with that uniform. I remembered the old days when I had graduated from UNIROW. It made me smile. I hope this example can help the student who fail in creating Skripsi due to unable to make a chapter three.