Simple Present Tense is part of English Verb Tenses. It is the first tense from currently sixteen tenses in grammar. The formula to make sentences using simple present tense is simple. It only has one simple rule. Here it is
Subject + Verb + …
Subject in this terms has two types. Singular and Plural. Below are the explanations.
- Singular is single subject. (He, She, It and Name) are singular subject because it refer to only one subject.
- Plural is more than one subject. ( You, We and They) are plural subject. Subject ‘I’ also being added into plural because it addressing the person or speaker.
The formula to create Simple Present Tense was affected by it’s subject. If the subject is plural, it uses standard Verb (V1) while the subject is singular, it uses Verb (Vs/es). Read the explanation below:
- Subject + Verb (Vs/es) + … (only for Singular subject).
- Subject + Verb (V1) + … (For Plural Subject).
Here are example of them:
- He listens the music every morning.
- We listen the music every morning.
Notice the difference in the example above. The word “He listens” is different than “we Listen”. First example is using Singular subject so it uses Verb (s/es) while the second example using Plural subject so the verb has no addition of s/es in the end (Only Verb 1).
Here are another examples:
- She writes the story every day.
- They write the story every day.
another examples of Simple Present Tense:
- Arick studies english every night.
- I study english every night.
Teaching Simple present tense in local school is different that teaching it to foreign students. For English spoken country, it may not hard at all, however it can be really tedious teaching it to non english spoken country just like Indonesia. Teachers are subject to use their own teaching method that work best for their situation. Reference: Literature Review about Tenses.