Reading is a part of daily activity that mostly people do. Whether they read written form or people mind, so that it is not surprise to find people read a literary work while waiting the bus in the station bus. It makes them more knowledgeable and enjoyable. It is line with Little (1966:3) says that reading of literary is not only for entertainment only, but it broadness and stimulates the reader’s mind, makes the people of widest sympathy and enhances their enjoyment of life.
Furthermore, almost everyone enjoys reading a good story. A good story usually contains all of richness, complexity and contradiction of life. It is no doubt people more likely to get involved in the story when they read it. In the literary work, they are divided into two main categories genre of literature. The genres of literature are fiction and nonfiction. Nonfiction, obviously, sits indirect opposition to fiction. There are several genres of literature that fall under the nonfiction category. Narrative nonfiction or also known as creative nonfiction is one of the kind nonfiction categories. Ultimately, the primary goal of the creative nonfiction writer is to communicate information, just like reporter, but the shape it in away that reads like fiction (Gutkind, 2007:11). From the primary goal of the creative nonfiction writer above, one of form within creative nonfiction genre includes memoir. Memoir is just like a novel but the story is based on real life, a fact of the writer life. Therefore, people usually enjoy a lot reading memoir.
It has been stated before that memoir story is based on the writer herself. Obviously, it is different with autobiography. In memoir the story is only selected in some period time. It is line with Zinsser (15:1998) says that memoir narrows the lens, focusing on a time in the writer’s life that was unusually vivid, such as childhood or adolescence, or that was framed by war or travel or public service or some other special circumstance. In Eat Pray Love, the memoir is about the story of Elizabeth Gilbert when she was travelling in some period time, so that it is interested in analyzing her journey.
In previous research (stated in background of the study), the researchers tended research about in analyzing the intrinsic element and only some of them took a research in extrinsic element. They usually analyzed the characterization, moral value, psychological conflict, social conflict, internal and external conflict, and many more. Even so, it is difficult to find a literature study that focusing in analyzing the motivation in the literary work. In contrast, it is easy to find a research about motivation in research classroom stage. Then, the writer is interested in doing a research about analyzing the motivation in literary work. As the writer believe that most all of the story must have the motivation behind it, and also it can be contributed in literary work. For more info, read Literary Work Chapter 1 Skripsi Background of the Study.