Instructional Syllabus is an outline and guidelines in teaching students effectively and easier. Managing times and maximizing available materials are the necessary for successful teaching. Instructional Syllabus help local teacher and it maybe used as the basic tool in teaching.
“Instructional Syllable will give teacher knowledge and skills of the method, techniques and activities used in teaching learning process with special emphasizes on communicative language teaching and its application on the techniques of teaching language components and language skills including classroom management.”
Instructional Syllabus would be divided in Topic and Subtopic.
- Stage of Language Teaching.
1.1 Three Stages of Language Teaching.
1.2.1 The value of Eliciting.
1.2.2 Eliciting from pictures.
1.2.3 Getting Students to Guess.
1.3 Free and Controlled Practice.
- Using Visual Aids and the Blackboard.
2.1 Kinds of simple Visual Aids.
2.2 The Role of Visual Aids.
2.3 Using Real Objects.
2.4 Using Flashcards.
2.5 Using Charts.
2.6 The Purpose of Using the Blackboard.
2.7 Techniques for Uisng the Blackboard.
2.8 Blackboard Drawings.
- Teaching Vocabulary.
3.1 Some Techniques for teaching Vocabulary.
3.2 Showing the meaning of Words.
3.3 Using a new Word.
3.4 Vocabulary Expansion.
3.5 Active and Passive Vocabulary.
- Teaching Structure.
4.1 Structures and Examples.
4.2 Showing the Meaning of Structure.
4.3 Presenting a Structure.
4.4 Contrasting structures.
4.5 Practicing Structures.
4.6 Mechanical and Meaningful Practice Exercises.
- Teaching Pronunciation
5.1 The Importance of correct Pronunciation, Stress and intonation.
5.2 Focusing on a difficult Sounds.
5.3 Practicing Sounds.
5.4 Ways of Showing the Stress Pattern.
5.5 Two basic Intonation Patterns.
5.6 Practicing Stress and intonation.
- Teaching Reading.
6.1 The uses of a Reading Text.
6.2 Ways of Reading a Text.
6.3 Practical Strategies for Teaching Reading.
6.3.1 Pre-Reading Activities.
6.3.2 Checking Comprehension.
6.3.3 Follow-up Activities.
6.4 Task-Based Exercises.
6.5 Personal Reaction to a Text.
- Teaching Speaking through Communicative Activities.
7.1 The Nature of Communication.
7.2 Oral Drills.
7.3 Information Gap Activities.
7.4 Exchanging Personal Information.
7.6 Role play.
7.6.1 Controlled Role Play based on a Dialogue or Text.
7.6.2 Free Role Play.
- Teaching listening.
8.1 The importance of Listening.
8.2 Two Ways of Listening.
8.2.1 Casual Listening.
8.2.2 Focused Listening.
8.3 Helping Students to Listen.
8.3.1 using a Dialogue for Listening.
8.3.2 Using a Cassette Recorder.
8.4 Getting Students to Predict.
- Teaching Writing.
9.1 Important Points of Teaching Writing.
9.2 Controlled Writing.
9.3 Guided Writing.
9.3.1 Problems of free Writing.
9.3.2 Writing based on a Text.
9.3.3 Oral Preparation.
- Class Management.
10.1 The Role of the Teacher.
10.2 Causes of Discipline Problems.
10.3 Action in case of Indiscipline.
10.4 Pairwork and Groupwork.
10.5 The Use of the Mother Tongue.
Instructional Syllabus has been an important part in teaching activities. Each teachers in local schools are encouraged to learn about it. The function of Instructional Syllabus is to help teacher stay focus in teaching and make them fully understand on what to do while teaching.